The history of Doliche begins from the very ancient yeras, when, with Azoros and Pythio, in North Thessalia, west of Olympus, they constituted the Perraeviki Tripolis. (Currency Ancient Perraeviki Tripolis, photograph right).
It was the main and most important strategical place of Perraeviki area. At this place are the big passages from Macedonia to Thessalia which are:
a) Voloustana or the Narrow passage of Sarantaporos or Kelit Derven.
b) The Narrow passage of Agios Dimitrios.
c) The Narrow passage of Petra Olympus and
d) The Narrow passage of Leptokarya -Livithra -Karya.
These three cities situated across the passages to Thessalia.
Where the most important guards of the country and we can say the ramparts of Thessalia on which north invaders cane against. When the Romans became the rulers of Thessalia after the battle at Pydna (168 B.C.) they took hostages to Larissa from Dolihi, Pythio and Azoro as a guarantee that they wouldn’t rebel against the Roman sovereignty. The above cities also participated in the “Community of Perraveia” which consisted of the union and participation of all the Perraevia cities. According to the archaeologist Mr Arvanitopoulos it should be considered as the oldest amphictyony in Greece.
Doliche (old name Douhlista).
Dolichos (=long) was a race of stamina where the athletes had to cover a length of 7 – 24 stadia =1346 – 4615 m. ( 1 stadium=192.27 m.) This sport became part of the programme of the 15th Olympic Games (720 B.C.). Dolichos is believed to have come first in the race of running the distance run by the heralds -the messangers who carried the news and messages through out the country. It was give the name of Doliche because of its long shape.